Source: (1992) London, UK: Routledge.

A study examines the practice of reparation schemes, which enjoyed a renewed vitality in the 1980s as an alternative to retributivism and the various utilitarian programs associated with it. Despite apparently disappointing outcomes after government interest vanished and programs terminated, these programs were important, and the vision which they largely failed to realize will endure. Data include a preliminary survey of reparation schemes in England and Wales, based on direct observation of 3 sharply contrasting initiatives, and reviews of victim-offender mediation in Germany and the U.S. Reparative principles can be more fully integrated into the practice of criminal justice, and can respond to important questions of responsibility and justification, enabling courts to "do justice" in ways not typically open in our legal system.