Source: (2001) Deschutes County, Oregon: Deschutes County Juvenile Community Justice.

Maloney and Umbreit describe the difficulties for management in the juvenile justice system. In response, they argue for systemic change in juvenile probation departments for greater success. Such change must address the mission and purpose of the juvenile probation system. Maloney and Umbreit then consider the implications for personnel and program, particularly with respect to victim-offender mediation, community service, and competency-based interventions.