However, despite the potential applicability of these institutions as an Alternative Criminal Dispute Resolution process in the local community, it has not yet attained any significant position of usage and acceptance in the formal criminal justice system. In other words, despite its wide practice and importance in resolving criminal disputes, Ethiopian formal criminal justice system failed to integrate mediation process as an alternative criminal dispute resolution process. 

This paper deals with interrelated issues of integrating mediation process as a criminal dispute resolution program into the formal criminal justice system, and its importance in consolidation of the ideas of restorative justice in the administration of Ethiopian Criminal justice system. 

The paper also aims to provoke legislatures, policy makers and social workers to work towards promoting, adapting and applying compatible traditional criminal dispute resolution process in a criminal justice context as part of an overall package of Ethiopian Criminal Justice Reform.

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