Source: (2000) Pro & Contra-Alternatives. N. 7-8.In criminal matters mediation should be seen as an option which is complementary to traditional criminal proceedings or even as an alternative to them. Thanks to its flexibility and participatory nature mediation is likely to produce a more comprehensive solution to the problems arising from crime than the criminal justice system can do alone. Seen as an alternative to the classic criminal process and sentencing mediation also has a potential to reduce the use of custodial sentences and, consequently, the cost of the prison system. However, in the academic circles mediation meets a big portion of criticism as well. The present article explores the advantages and deficiencies of mediation and the arguments âproâ? and âcontraâ? its application.This work was supported by the Research Support Scheme of the Open Society Support Foundation, grant 1538/1999.