Source: (2000) In Mediation in Context, ed. Marian Liebmann, 225-235. With an introduction by Marian Liebmann. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Generally large-scale violence is ended not by mediation but by “arm-twistingâ€? – a combination of promised rewards and threatened sanctions or military pressure. Curle uses the war in Bosnia as an example. In contrast, genuine mediation is a nonviolent process with a neutral third party who tries to help protagonists defuse or resolve violent feelings and actions as a way out of conflict. While there are times when one or both parties do not really want to end the conflict, Curle maintains that in some situations mediation can end large-scale violence. To detail this, he discusses the role and identity of mediators, the initiation of mediation, dangers for mediators, the time scale for mediation, and the practice of mediation.