Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 333-342.The author examines the history of Juvenile Justice in the United States and the resulting use of mediation as an alternative to formal court processing and as a method of achieving restitution. Ethical and policy questions addressing due process, restoration, net-widening, and gender bias are among the issues addressed.