Source: (2000) Journal of Mental Health Counseling. 22(3): 240-252.Differing approaches to adjudicating abusive or neglectful parents have resulted in an expansion of practice opportunities for mental health counselors. In this article we describe the two most prevalent approaches practiced by court systems: (a) the traditional dependency litigation process, and (b) the newly emerging dependency mediation process now being implemented by many court systems. In addition, the potential roles for the mental health counselor participating in these different forms of dependency adjudication process are highlighted. Author's abstract.