Source: (2000) Race and Reconciliation in South Africa: A Multicultural Dialogue in Comparative Perspective. Ed. by William E. Van Vugt & G. Daan Cloete. Lanham: Lexington Books. 155-170.In this chapter, Degenaar conceptualizes what the ambiguous term "multiculturalism" means for a human race increasingly faced with its multicultural nature. He also debunks some of the rhetorical uses of the word by distinguishing between types of multiculturalism and the nature of difference. He proposes that the presence of difference does not justify difference-based oppression, but rather that a society that is democratic both politically and civilly is the the only way in which multiculturalism can be fully realized.