Source: (2006) Leuven: M.A. paper for MAster in European Criminology. Cetnre for Advanced Legal Studies. Katholieke Universitiet Leuven.

The paper will study the thesis that since the adoption of the Framework Decision on the Standing of Victims in Criminal Proceedings of 20011 it can be concluded that the European Union considers restorative justice and victim-offender mediation to fall within its area of competence. Consequently, the European Union will continue working on these issues, possibly developing more legislative instruments. In the first part of the paper I will present the research methodology explaining objectives, methods, the questionnaire used and the related challenges and limitations. Part Two will provide background information as regards the recent developments and documents issued at international and European level. Part Three will evaluate the Framework Decision as the first legally-binding European Union (hereafter: EU) document and article 10 in particular. Part Four will present an overview of the key results from the data collected through the questionnaire answered by respondents from 17 out of the 25 Member States. A further role of European legislation in respect to restorative justice (hereafter: RJ) and victimoffender mediation (hereafter: VOM) in the EU is the issue examined in Part Five. (Author's abstract)