Source: (2008) In Joanna Shapland, ed., Justice, Community and Civil Society: A contested terrain. Devon, UK: Willan Publishing. Pp. 209-234.

"In this chapter, we shall consider first what the idea of community means and its involvement in today's justice in Canada, mapping the contribution communities have made to the Canadian justice system. We will also consider the evolution of community-based ideas and initiatives (defined as the involvement of communities in justice issues) from the 1970s onwards, while differentiating the community justice models (seen as a transfer of justice matters into the hands of communities) that have been developed at the same time. After developing a typology of community and state collaboration in justice matters, we shall conclude by looking at the contested assumptions in what seems to be a 'communitarianism' of justice in Canada and particularly in Quebec." (abstract)