Source: (1997) Paper presented at the Juvenile Crime and Juvenile Justice – Toward 2000 and Beyond conference. Adelaide, South Australia, 26-27 June. Canberra: Australian Institute of Criminology.Focusing on Western Australia, Wells examines new directions in juvenile justice following the Young Offenders Act in 1994. A significant aim of this reform is more preventive in nature – to deflect first-time youth offenders with minor offenses from the formal court system through gateways or opportunities for diversion. Hence Wells looks at pre-court prevention and diversion mechanisms: police cautioning and juvenile justice teams. Then she surveys post-court diversion and treatment: priority intervention with program support for persistent repeat offenders; an intensive intervention center for those unlikely to return to the community without re-offending; an aboriginal family supervision program; and victim mediation.