Source: (2000) Paper presented at the Conflict Studies Conference: The New Generation of Ideas, held at the University of Massachusetts–Boston, 27-28 October. Fairfax, VA: George Mason University, Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution.The Western paradigm in peace studies has been largely oriented toward modernization, secularization, democratization, and rational choice. Yet in recent years more attention has been given in peace studies and conflict resolution to insights and practical lessons from religion and theological studies. In this paper, Sezai Ozcelik focuses on Islam as a nonviolent and peaceful tradition of social change in international conflict. He also examines the Islamic dispute resolution process at inter-group and interpersonal levels.