Source: (2012) West Virginia Law Review. Vol 114: 970-1003

One of the unique features of the twentieth century was the widespread use of organized nonviolent action and civil disobedience in the pursuit of dramatic social and political change around the world. In the West, the most wellknown of these movements are the Indian protests against the British imperial government led by Mohandas Gandhi, the Civil Rights Movement in the southern United States led by Martin Luther King, Jr., and the decades-long nonviolent portion of the anti-Apartheid movement in South Africa. These are not the only examples,' however, and the so-called "Arab Spring" or "Arab Awakening" 2 has recently reminded us that nonviolent action can still be effective in bringing about drastic social change towards the creation of just and democratic societies. In reality, nonviolence never ceased being an effective social and political tool for social change. In conjunction with the principled and strategic use of nonviolent tactics in seeking social and political change, the twentieth century birthed a new legal-political3 mechanism and institution: the Truth Commission. 4 It is no coincidence that these two modem phenomena arrived on the scene within a relatively short span, just a few decades, of one another