Source: (1997) Paper presented at House of Grace Study Day. Haifa, Israel .19 June 1997.

Normalisation has much in common with the criminological theories of reintegration and restorative justice. Each is concerned with easing the entry or re-entry of previously-stigmatised individuals into the community as productive members. These movements are surfacing as a reaction to more formalised, offender-oriented (or patient-oriented) interventions, but they also challenge attitudes within the community. The emphasis on community reflected in each of these movements is not new; in fact, it is expressed in Jewish and Christian traditions and in the Old and New Testaments.

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