Source: (1998) Bureau of Justice Assistance, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.The emergence of community courts is part of a movement to make local justice systems more responsive to the citizens they serve. In 1997 the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), a part of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, hosted a workshop focusing on difficulties in the development of community courts. Participants included court planners from a number of cities as well as other professionals in criminal justice. Topics addressed at the workshop include the following: the politics of neighborhoods and cities; funding; determining the kinds of cases to be handled; resistance to community courts in the criminal justice system; community service and social service; jail space; specialty courts; and the community. This monograph consists of a summary of the workshop’s proceedings.