Source: (2008) Report of the fifth conference of the European Forum for Restorative Justice, Building restorative justice in Europe: cooperation between the public, policy makers, practitioners and researchers, Verona.

The article describes the phenomenon in Italy of mafia bosses organizing mediation conferences for warring parties at the behest of the police. It contrasts the differences in style between penal mediation and mafia style mediation and concludes with some of the implications for both types of mediation.