Source: Paper presented at the University of Massachusetts Boston Conflict Studies Conference, held in Boston, Massachusetts.The borderlands of eastern Africa have experienced considerable violence, anarchy, and insecurity in recent decades. The governments of eastern African states are having great difficulty maintaining law and order in the borderlands. Their use of security forces and extra-judicial methods fails because those measures address merely the symptoms of conflict and violence rather than the roots. In this context, Osamba critiques the western legal framework of conflict resolution. Rather, he seeks to identify traditional customs and values that may be of significance in promoting security, peaceful coexistence, and respect for human rights.