Source: (2002) Crime Victims Report 5 (January/February): 81, 82, 95.

Circles for dialogue, healing, sentencing, and other purposes are growing in use as restorative practices. They are rooted in Native American and First Nation traditions. Peacemaking or restorative circles come in many forms and may occur at almost any place in the justice process. In this essay the authors explore the application of circles as a restorative justice practice in Minnesota by the South Saint Paul Restorative Justice Council. They look at cases referred to the Council, participants in a circle, the circle process, and the impact of a circle on victim and offender.