Source: (2002) American Society of International Law. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting. Pp. 135-145.United Nations peacekeeping operations are always conducted amidst a number of tensions and challenges. This has been especially true of UN peacekeeping operations in Africa, asserts Henry Richardson, and such operations have resulted in varying degrees of success. In response, political leaders and policymakers on the African continent have sought imaginative solutions to individual crises in their region. With such a background, Richardson introduces this article which consists of summaries of panel presentations by various expert scholars. Through their presentations, the scholars explore African contributions to the international law of peacekeeping in regions such as west Africa and South Africa.