Source: (2005) In, Nielsen, Marianne O. and Zion, James W., editors, Navaja Nation Peacemaking. Living Traditional Justice. The University of Arizona Press. Tucson pp.111-114In this chapter, the issue of procedural, or process, openness is explored as an important factor explaining the relative efficacy of open process systems in reducing recidivism. Process openness is a function of how justice participants perceive their experience in the justice system. Our experience of life is, in large part, a function of how our life events are perceived. Life experiences that result in perceptions of injustice lead to anger, frustration, and rage. Conversely, perceptions of justice lead to understanding and relative harmony. This chapter analyzes the perception of justice in Navajo peacemaking and family court. (excerpt).