Source: (2001) Victim-Offender Reconciliation Program Information and Resource Center. 26 October 2002Marty price begins this article with a number of characterizations of the United States criminal justice system. As he puts it, the system is, among other things, retributive in nature, offender-centered, and state-oriented. While incarceration is frequently and sternly used to punish offenders, the deterrent effects of incarceration are dubious, and punishment in and of itself is often unsatisfying for victims. Against this background, Price argues for restorative justice as a better, more effective approach to crime and its effects for all involved – offenders, victims, and communities. To substantiate this, Price summarizes the restorative justice paradigm, and details the practice of restorative justice in victim-offender mediation programs.