Source: (1989) In: R.J. Troyer, J.P. Clark, et al. (eds.), Social Control in the People's Republic of China. New York, NY: Praeger Publishers, pp. 34-42.This report discusses the operation and results of "people's justice" in the People's Republic of China. Results show the implications and limitations of crime control policies that are based on the assumption that greater citizen participation necessarily means less crime and more justice. Chinese politics has been characterized by conflicts of a legal system that incorporates both professional and popular controls to deal with deviance. Political control from the top and popular justice from the bottom must complement rather than contradict each other if order and progress are to occur. The dangers of political control without popular support is discussed.