Source: (2001) In Restorative justice for juveniles: Conferencing, mediation and circles, ed. Allison Morris and Gabrielle Maxwell, 41-58. With a foreword by DJ Carruthers. Oxford: Hart Publishing.

According to McCold, restorative justice processes should involve victims and offenders in face-to-face meetings where the victim and the offender, along with their respective “communities of care,â€? determine how to deal with the offense. He contends, moreover, that currently only three processes or practices fully meet these requirements: mediation; conferencing; and circles. In support of his perspective, McCold describes these practices and presents key examples. With respect to mediation, he reviews community mediation, victim offender reconciliation programs, and victim offender mediation. The discussion of conferencing includes youth justice family group conferencing and community conferencing. His examination of circles covers Navajo justice, sentencing circles, and healing circles.