Source: (1989) The Journal of State Government 62 (March/April): 70-76.

In response to prison overcrowding, some state and local governments have turned to privatization of prisons as one means to incarcerate and manage offenders. Chi summarizes a variety of models involving some degree of privatization of correctional systems: private services model; private construction model; private management model; private takeover model; and private ownership and operation model. Then he argues for several reasons supporting privatization. At the same time, he cautions that privatization needs to be studied and tested further to determine benefits and problems.