Source: (1994) In Context. No. 38: 48ff.

More than 30 years ago, Kerala's central government set up a commission that recommended open prisons focused on reform. In August 1962, Kerala's first open prison was inaugurated. Currently, it's the only open prison in Kerala, although Indian states Uttar Pradesh and Andra Pradesh also have this type of prison. Viewed as an experiment, the prison holds about 280 prisoners. Every convict begins his sentence in a closed prison, and those who exhibit good behavior are transferred to the open prison. The open prison is known for treating prisoners with respect and entrusting them with responsibilities for work on the rubber plantation, personal chores, and cooperation within the prison community. Attempting to escape or committing any criminal offense after release will result in incarceration in a closed prison. To date, there has been only one repeat offender.

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