Source: (1995) Howard Journal of Criminal Justice 34(4):326-343.

This analysis of the changing values underlying the probation service in Great Britain argues that the Nellis analysis of 1995 did not go far enough and proposes an alternative approach that rests on the concept of relational justice. Relational justice has three central concepts: (1) crime as an injury to victims, their families, and the community rather than solely an offense against the state; (2) justice that seeks to repair relationships and emphasizes offender responsibility; and (3) punishment as a basis for reintegrating the offender into the community rather than an end in itself.