Source: (2000) Stanford Law Review 52(4):751-775. Reprinted in Restorative Justice. Declan Roche (2003), ed. Pp. 261-285. The International Library of Essays in Law & Legal Theory, Second Series. Aldershot, Hants, England: Dartmouth/Ashgate.

Compares restorative justice to the traditional criminal justice system of the United States. Restorative justice movement and victim-offender mediation; Critique of the restorative justice; Elements expected by society from a criminal justice system; Dialogic approach based on competition between the two justice systems.