Source: (1989) In: M. Wright and B. Galaway (eds.), Mediation and Criminal Justice: Victims, Offenders and Community. London, UK: Sage Publications, pp. 264-269.This chapter reviews the materials presented in the book regarding the use of mediation in criminal justice. Questions of who should administer the programs and program purposes are raised. The author suggests that the relationship between mediation and the criminal justice system depends upon the purpose of mediation in furthering punitive or rehabilitative goals. Whatever the relationship, mediation presents a significant departure from traditional and current ideas about the purpose and administration of juvenile and criminal justice. The prospects for this new approach to expand from the current pilot efforts and play a more significant role are discussed.