Source: (1993) Akron, PA: Mennonite Central Committee Office of Criminal Justice, July, 21p.

Professor Moule distinguishes between the way the term punishment is used in the New Testament and the way the term is used generally. He claims that suffering inflicted for disciplinary and deterrent purposes are confused with suffering inflicted for the purposes of punishment and retribution. Various justice themes are traced in the New Testament, and an argument is made that the satisfaction of abstract justice is a sub-personal motive, distorting one's judgment. In the New Testament, suffering involved in a reconciliation is never retributive suffering, but is creative and restorative and healing.