Source: (1999) Paper presented at the Changing Punishment at the Turn of the Century: Finding a Common Ground conference (Canadian Institute for the Administration of Justice). September. Ottawa, Ontario: Royal Canadian Mounted Police.The authors – writing from within the vantage point of a law enforcement agency, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) – note the conventional association of the idea of justice with concepts of crime and punishment. They then explore implications for the RCMP of alternative approaches to justice, especially restorative justice. Their discussion covers a number of topics, including the following: the nature and application of punishment; the effects of punishment on individuals and communities; and the systemic transition from punishment to restoration.