Source: (1995) The IARCA Journal 6 (June): 43-47.Smith and Lombardo point out the significant problems and failures of the current approach to criminal justice and incarceration. In response, they advocate for the potential of cognitively-based theories and therapies in intervening with juvenile and adult offenders. In this article they focus on rational cognitive therapy, particularly for offenders with a religious background. Their discussion includes a sketch of cognitive theory and therapy. To detail their work, they provide examples of techniques used (such as rational self-analysis) and key rational ideas (or principles) emphasized.