Source: (2007) Reclaiming Children and Youth. 16(2):48-51.

American social and educational interventions are often designed for children and youth who have risk factors or destructive behaviours. Effective strategies can be designed to assist youth to grow up to be happy, healthy, productive adults before they show negative characteristics. Restorative Practices, an emerging interdisciplinary field, offers new insights to increase efficacy. Primary, secondary and tertiary levels of intervention are identified and integrated with other promising ideas such as resiliency/protective factors, reintegration theory, the social discipline window, and the community-individual concern grid. (author's abstract).