Source: (1991) In: H. Pepinsky and R. Quinney (eds.), Criminology as Peacemaking. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, pp. 30-46.

This paper presents a mutualist model of community which views conflict as a weakening of communion among its members and implies a need for restoration to full communion. Reconciliation is presented as an alternative to punishment. The early Christian Church is evaluated as a mutualist blueprint. Mennonite theology and Hutterite communities are presented as modern versions of mutualism guided by the central rule of agape with very little reliance on legality. A social change model of reconciliation is then presented as the alternative to libertarianism, revolution and reform movements for implementing social change.