Source: (2007) In Max du Plessis and Stephen Pete, ed., Repairing the Past? International Perspectives on Reparations for Gross Human Rights Abuses. Oxford, UK: Intersentia. Pp. 297-313.

"After outlining the contours of the history of the BRM [Black Redress Movement], I shall discuss the modern arguments made in support of redress. My main ambition here is to focus on the salient features of two rival perspectives on slave redress: the 'tort model' and the 'atonement model.' These models frame the modern African-American struggle for slave redress." (abstract)