Source: (1989) The Journal of State Government 62 (March/April): 65-69.

Petersilia and Turner report in this article on their nationwide survey of intermediate-sanction programs in the United States. Intermediate sanctions are community-based programs intended to be tougher than probation but less punitive and costly than incarceration. Examples of intermediate sanctions include intensive supervision, electronically monitored house arrest, and community service sentences. In particular, the authors examine varieties of eligibility criteria for such programs across different jurisdictions, and they explore the policy implications of those criteria for easing prison crowding.