Source: (2000) Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.In recent years, there has been much ferment in the area of regulatory reform. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, through its Public Management Committee, assists governments to develop new capacities and identify best practices for improving the quality of their regulatory decisions. The aim is to enable efficient and responsive regulation by changing incentives, capacities, and cultures in public sector institutions based on market, juridical, and public management principles. This document constitutes the final version of a report first circulated in 1999 and revised in light of comments on that draft. Inasmuch as inadequate compliance underlies many policy failures, the report provides an overview of emerging issues for regulatory compliance, focuses on assessing the level of compliance with regulations by target groups, and examines the reasons for high and low levels of compliance.