Source: (1991) Crime & Delinquency 37(4):449-464.

This essay and review asserts that old and new community corrections models are appropriate: if they include the community as well as the offender as targets of change. The old models of advocacy, diversion and reintegration have been replaced with new models that are adversarial, with sanctions based on retribution and just deserts. Throwing out the advocacy and reintegrative roles is a short-sighted approach to crime control. A comprehensive community corrections model is proposed based on strategies of internalization, victim-offender reconciliation, and reintegrative shaming. Until community corrections professionals and policymakers approach the crime problem from this broader perspective, crime control efforts will continue to be short-term and futile.