Source: (1999) In Restorative juvenile justice: Repairing the harm of youth crime, ed. Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave, 359-99. With an introduction by Gordon Bazemore and Lode Walgrave. Monsey, NY: Criminal Justice Press.

The authors recognize that, worldwide, restorative justice is in varying states of development, theoretically and operationally. They urge advocates of restorative justice to articulate and begin to implement systemic models; yet they also urge the development of small, well-designed, non-systemic prototypes of restorative interventions, in the sphere of juvenile justice in particular. To further these aims, Walgrave and Bazemore argue for restorative justice as a systemic alternative to the “just desertsâ€? model and to the treatment model of juvenile justice. They discuss the traditional background for restorative justice; notions of community and society embedded in restorative justice; and assessments of results of restorative justice practices. From all of this they outline an agenda for future research and critical examination into restorative justice theory, outcomes, limits, and strategies.