Source: (2014) North East Law Review. 2:45-50.

The reforms of competition law in the UK aimed to deliver restorative justice and deter anti-competitive conduct. This paper analyses the reforms and their outcomes in the light of a move to an opt-out regime and introducing stand-alone actions as a mechanism serving deterrence. It also presents problems undermining the effectiveness of the reforms, such as the unavailability of exemplary damages awards in collective actions. (author's abstract)