Source: Adelaide, South Australia: University of South Australia.Can rehabilitation programs be effective in preventing re-offending? For some years, based on certain research, many concluded that nothing worked appreciably in reducing recidivism. However, according to the authors of this study, interest in the potential of rehabilitation has increased in correctional systems in recent years. The purpose of this study is to examine evidence suggesting that recidivism can be significantly reduced through rehabilitation programs for incarcerated offenders. The authors outline recent empirical studies concerning the effectiveness of such programs, and they identify what they consider to be principles of best practice in rehabilitation of offenders. Then, emphasizing psychological rehabilitation programs rather than educational or vocational, they also review programs relating to different types of offenders: sexual offender; anger and violence; drug and alcohol; and cognitive skills. Finally, they examine the current situation in Australia with respect to offender rehabilitation programs.