Source: (1994) Criminology 32(3):361-385.

This study tests the hypothesis that reintegrative shaming increases compliance with the law in Australian nursing homes. Nursing homes visited by inspection teams with a reintegrative shaming ideology displayed significantly improved compliance; by teams with a more stigmatizing attitude displayed a drop in compliance; and by tolerant and understanding teams fell between these 2 extremes. A more specific test of the theory shows that when interdependency existed between the nursing home and the inspection team, reintegrative shaming had a stronger positive effect on improving compliance. In homes with no such link, shaming had no effect on compliance levels.