Source: (2004) Quezon City, Philippines: Save the Children UK. Downloaded 19 December 2005.This research project on the situation of children in conﬂict with the law in selected cities in Metro Manila was conceptualised in order to assist SC-UK and its partners in deﬁning their advocacy agenda on CICL at the local and national levels and help clarify SC-UK’s programme direction, strategies, areas of coverage and target participants. Through quantitative and qualitative information collected in this project, major gaps and abuses that occur in the administration of justice to CICL were identiﬁed and corresponding analysis and recommendations were formulated. The project also gave emphasis on the protection measures given to children in conﬂict with the law through diversion at the diﬀerent levels of the criminal justice system. Diversion is an essential component of children’s justice, with the purpose of preventing and minimising the children’s entry into the criminal justice system. The promulgation of the Rule on Juveniles in Conﬂict with the Law by the Supreme Court in 15 April 2002, which provides for diversion in the court level, requires a review of it relevant provisions. The provisions of the Katarungang Pambarangay (barangay1 or village justice) Law as it applies to CICL are likewise analysed in relation to diversion.