Source: (2002) British Journal of Criminology 42:578-595. Reprinted in Restorative Justice. Declan Roche (2003), ed. Pp. 179-196. The International Library of Essays in Law & Legal Theory, Second Series. Aldershot, Hants, England: Dartmouth/Ashgate.Restorative justice is much advocated as a new and fruitful response to offending. This article argues for further debate about the proper division of functions between state, victims, offenders and ‘communities’, and for greater emphasis upon procedural safeguards and substantive limits in the pursuit of the apparently beneficent goals of restorative justice.