Source: (1992) In: H. Messmer and H.-U. Otto (eds.), Restorative Justice on Trial: Pitfalls and Potentials of Victim-Offender Mediation: International Research Perspectives. Dordrecht, NETH: Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. 551-557.Victims variously experience justice as retribution, restitution, compensation, reconciliation, or forgiveness. Such understandings of justice play a critical role in determining whether a crime situation will be appropriate for victim-offender reconciliation. A victimís orientation toward a given form of justice will be influenced by the type of harm done, characteristics of the offender, and the nature of any relationship between victim and offender.