Source: (1998) Paper presented at the Beyond Prisons symposium. Kingston, Ontario, March. Ottawa: Correctional Service of Canada.In this paper Peters and Aertsen examine recent initiatives in the Belgium criminal justice system to move away from traditional custodial sentences. The framework for these initiatives is restorative justice The focus of the authors is on victim-offender mediation as an alternative, restorative response to crime. They provide statistics and analysis on penal mediation and mediation for redress. They conclude with discussion of additional restorative initiatives beginning in the Belgian system.