Source: (1996) Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Conference, Annual Meeting, Chicago, November 20-23, 1996.

This paper discusses how a paradigm shift to a restorative model is useful for victims, communities, the criminal justice community and the offender. Sentencing To Service (STS) Program is restorative and a useful adaptation of the "chain gang". The STS Program offers offenders the opportunity to work on community improvement projects while learning new work skills and work ethics, which may include painting town halls, clearing bike and walking paths or working to bail, sort and prepare recyclables for transport to a recycling center. Finally, several programs for women in the community are discussed to illustrate how to operationalize gender specific theory and programming.