Source: (1996) Paper presented at the American Society of Criminology Conference, Annual Meeting, Chicago, November 20-23, 1996.

Victim/offender mediation and community service are often presented as primary intervention models within a more comprehensive restorative justice approach. Agencies may use them on different levels, in a new-widening, diversionary or a sanctioning function. The use of these approaches is described in a European context. The emphasis of the paper is on restorative justice as a fully fledged alternative to both retributive and rehabilitative responses to crime.