Source: (2005) Address to the SACRO Annual Conference 2005, Edinburgh, 10 February. Downloaded 10 August 2005.This document represents an address by David Carruthers, Chief District Court Judge of New Zealand, at the 2005 annual conference of Sacro. "Sacro" stands for "Safeguarding Communities – Reducing Offending." Sacro is an organization aiming to promote community safety in Scotland through high quality services to reduce conflict and offending. From his perspective and experience as a judge, Carruthers reflects on restorative justice theory and practice in general, restorative justice in New Zealand (history and development of restorative justice in youth and adult settings, and the practice of restorative justice), and some common criticisms of restorative justice.