Source: (2001) Paper presented at the Children’s Legal Issues Forum. Brisbane, Australia, 4 October.Robertson states that the current criminal justice system is retributive in nature, yet there is little evidence that retributive sanctions have much effect in achieving the goals of sentencing, including reducing crime. Restorative justice is an alternative that offers hope for better and more effective responses to crime. Robertson outlines key elements of restorative justice, especially in relation to juvenile justice, and traces its roots in the 1980s and early 1990s in Canada, New Zealand, and Australia. Specific cases are highlighted in the paper to illustrate principles and practices of restorative justice.