Source: (2006) Restorative Justice Online. December 2006 Edition.It is well known that Northern Ireland is engaged in a peace process to recreate society after 30 years of violent internal conflict. Significant progress has been made: political violence has ended, negations between different factions have taken place as have fundamental changes in the system of governance. However, unresolved issues call into question the depth to which society itself has been transformed. This article - summarized from a paper by Brendan McAllister, director of Mediation Northern Ireland - provides an overview of the conflict, peace process and how restorative justice has become a litmus test for the working out of the peace process.